The relationships among academic self-efficacy, academic optimism, family income and academic achievement

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences, Turkey

Approval Date: 2018




The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the relationships among students’ academic self-efficacy, academic optimism, family income and academic achievement. The hypothesis of the study was that all the variables might be directly correlated with student achievement. For the data collection, firstly Academic Self-Efficacy and Student Academic Optimism scales were translated into Turkish. Later, a form including questions regarding demographic information, family income, socioeconomic status and cGPA of students was developed. The sample of the study consisted 274 participants for the adaptation study and 777 participants for the main study and the data were collected from 8 different districts in Manisa. The results of the Structural Equation Modeling analysis revealed that academic self-efficacy is the strongest predictor of achievement and that both family income and academic self-efficacy directly affect achievement. Moreover, academic press and belonging to school dimensions of student academic optimism failed to predict vachievement and only valuing school and trust in teacher dimensions were found to have an impact on student success.