Sensitive and quantitative determination of cysteine by surface enhanced Raman spectrometry based on their induced aggregates of gold and silver nanostructures

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Turkey

Approval Date: 2011




ABSTRACT SENSITIVE AND QUANTITATIVE DETERMINATION OF CYSTEINE BY SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROMETRY BASED ON THEIR INDUCED AGGREGATES OF GOLD AND SILVER NANOSTRUCTURES Yüksel, Recep M.Sc., Department of Chemistry Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Mürvet Volkan September 2011, 76 pages The synthesis of noble metal nanostructures are an active research area and controlling the shape and the size is a challenging task. In this study, nanostructures with different morphologies were prepared using wet chemical synthesis techniques in the aqueous solutions. Gold and silver nanospheres were produced by reducing and capping agent trisodium citrate. Gold nanorods were synthesized by chemical reduction of HAuCl4 by ascorbic acid in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), AgNO3, and gold nanoseeds (in 1.5 nm diameter) and gold silver core shell nanorods were prepared by addition of silver atoms on the surface of gold nanorods in the presence of CTAB. Parameters that were critical to obtain homogeneous nanostructures were optimized. The characterization of the nanoparticles was performed by UV-VIS spectrometry, High Resolution - Transition Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM), Field Emission - Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX). Besides, their electromagnetic enhancement properties were demonstrated through SERS measurement of cysteine. Self-assembly or assisted assembly of nanorods or nanospheres into organized arrays allows the realization of their collective properties that arise from the coupling of the optical and electronic properties of the neighbouring individual nanoparticles. In this study cysteine molecule was used as a linker molecule. The controlled addition of cysteine into the gold nanorod solution resulted in their preferential binding to the two ends of the gold nanorods and the formation of gold nanochains. In the usage of gold nanospheres on the other hand, cooperative hydrogen bonding of the cysteine molecules, resulted in the formation of gold nanoclusters. The assembly formation was demonstrated by UV–vis spectrometry and FE-SEM. Cysteine is a thiol group containing amino acid and deficiency of cysteine results in serious health problems. Therefore, determination of cysteine is an important issue. Herein we report two strategies for the quantitative determination of micromolar concentrations of cysteine by exploiting the interplasmon coupling in Au nanoparticles. One of them is a recently published colorimetric method and the other is a novel SERS method.