Evaluation of creative capabilities of cities in a path dependent context: The case of ULUTEK technology development zone and Nilufer district

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning, Turkey

Approval Date: 2018




Cities, with respect to the labour force they contain, have been undergoing transformations since pre-Industrial Revolution periods. The increasing role of machinery in production has significantly altered how labour had expended in production process while increasing the welfare and variety of consumption modes. The events in this context have been effective in shaping the path cities around the world take towards their growth. The theories developed in the past have put emphasis on production forces in shaping the urban space and economy. On the other hand, recent theories on urban growth focused on the relation between consumption, creativity and human capital since the start of the 21st century. However, these approaches have displayed several shortcomings not only in theoretical forms but also in their practices. These two lines of research argue for urban growth to stem from either consumption or production based urban policies. However, they also share a common point for a lively urban economy which is human interaction. Using this common characteristic as a starting point, this study aims to evaluate creative capabilities of ULUTEK Technology Development Zone (TDZ) and Nilüfer district in the city of Bursa by incorporating both perspectives in a path dependence context. Towards this aim, production based theories are used in the case of ULUTEK TDZ and its knowledge networks whereas consumption based theories are used to evaluate the built environment of Nilüfer and its quality-of-life from the perspective of talented labour force in ULUTEK TDZ. Ultimately, both evaluations will make it possible to draw conclusions on the development trajectory of Nilüfer and Bursa’s urban space and economy in the context of path dependence.